Iranian Garden Typology, Based On Form and Elements
Behzad Mirzaei Yeganeh
Abstract: The Persian garden is one of the oldest and most important formal (geometric) gardens in the world that is still alive. This kind of garden has appeared in different forms during its continuity in history, at different times and places. One of the ways to better understand the Persian garden is to study its typology. In this article, the Iranian garden division is conducted for further recognition, and it does not necessarily mean these types are entirely different.
The Persian garden can be classified in two ways: one by form or components and the other by function. In this research, Iranian garden species are introduced based on the first division - that is, based on form or elements. For a better recognition, various plans of Iranian gardens have been introduced as examples of each type. Finally, a table of general characteristics of Iranian gardens' typology based on components and form is presented.